April 24, 2012

Important United Nations (UN) Agencies for CLAT 2012


The United Nations (UN) Agencies plays a leading role in providing development and humanitarian assistance, including as a first-responder to natural disasters and complex emergencies. Knowing about UN Agencies is immensely important  from CLAT Perspective.

Name of Agency
Estd. In
Headquarters
Purpose
International Labour Organization (ILO)
1919
Geneva
To improve conditions and living standard of workers.
World Health Organization (WHO)
1948
Geneva
Attainment of highest possible level of heath by all people.
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
1946
Paris
To Promote collaboration among nations through education, science and culture.
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
1957
Vienna
To promote peaceful uses of atomic energy.
United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF)
1946
New York
To promote children’s welfare all over the world.
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
1950
Geneva
To provide protection to refugees.
United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA)
1967
New York
For formulating population policies.
International Fund for Agricultural Development
1977
Rome
For financing agricultural projects in the world to raise the economic growth.
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
1964
Geneva
Promotes international trade to accelerate economic growth of developing countries.
International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
1947
Montreal
Promotes safety of international aviation.
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
1945
Washington D.C.
Promotes international monetary cooperation.
International Finance Corporation (IFC)
1956
Washington D.C.
Promotes economic development by encouraging private enterprise in its member countries.
Universal Postal Union (UPU)
1947
Berne
Improve various postal services in the world.
United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP)
1972
Nairobi
Promotes international co-operation in human environment.
United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)
1967
Geneva
Sets international regulations for radio, telegraph, and telephone and space radio communication.
Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO)
1945
Rome
To improve living condition of rural population.
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD)
1945
Washington D.C.
Development of economic of members by facilitating investment of capitals by providing loans.
World Meteorological Organization (WMO)
1950
Geneva
Promote international exchange of weather reports.
World Trade Organization (WTO)
1995
Geneva
Setting rules for world trade to reduce tariffs.
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
New York
Help developing countries increase the wealth producing capabilities o their natural and human resources.
Inter Government maritime Consultative Organization (IMCO)
1958
London
Promotes co-operation on technical matters of maritime safety, navigation and encourages anti-pollution measures.
International Development Association (IDA)
1960
Washington D.C.
An affiliate of the World Bank, aims to help under-developed countries raise living standards.
International Tele-communication Union (ITU)
1947
Geneva
Sets international regulations for radio telegraph, telephone and space radio communications.
United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR)
1965
New York
Provides training and research to help facilitate UN objectives of world peace and security and of economic and social progress.
United Nations Relief and Work for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA)
1949
New York
Provides basic amenities and education for the victims of Arab-Israel War.
United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA)
1967
New York
Studying population dynamics, collecting population data, formulating and evolving population policies, family planning and related programs

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