April 16, 2014

Indian History at a Glance (1757 to 1952 )

1757 : Battle of Plassey.
1760 : Battle of Wandiwash.
1761 : Third Battle of Panipat: The Marathas defeated by the combined troops of Ahmad Shah Abdali; the Mughals, and other Muslim chiefs of India.
1764 : Battle of Buxar. The English defeat Shah Alam, Shuja-ud-daulah and Mir Qasim.
1765 : Grant of the ‘Diwani’ of Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa to the East India Company by Shah Alam II under Treaty of Allahabad.
: Clive, Company’s Governor in Bengal.
1765-72 : Dual Government of Bengal.
1767-69 : The First Anglo Mysore War.
1770 : The Great Bengal Famine.
1771 : Marathas occupy Delhi and restore Shah Alam who was till then under English protection at Allahabad.



1772-73 : Warren Hastings as Governor of Bengal.
: Abolition of Dual Government of Bengal (1772).
1773 : The Regulating Act was passed, bringing the company partially under Parliament’s control and the Presidencies under Calcutta’s control.
1773-85 : Warren Hastings Governor-General.
: Establishment of Supreme Court, Calcutta.
1775-82 : The First Anglo-Maratha War.
1776 : Treaty of Purandar
1780-84 : Second Mysore War.
1783 : Fox’s India Bills give more powers to Parliament and to the Governor-General.
1784 : Treaty of Mangalore between Tipu and the English.
: Pitt’s Act passed, Setting up Board of Control for East India Company.
: Asiatic Society of Bengal founded by Sir William Jones.
1786-93 : Lord Cornwalis, Governor-General.
1790-92 : Third Mysore War.
1792 : Treaty of Srirangapatnam signed between Tipu and English.
1793-98 : Sir John Shore, Governor-General.
1793 : The Permanent Zamindari Settlement of Bengal.
1798 : Lord Wellesley as Governor-General and brought subsidiary alliance.
1799 : Fourth Mysore War. Fall of Srirangapatnam.
Death of Tipu.
1800 : Establishment of the College of Fort William.
1802 : The Treaty of Bassein between Peshwa and English.
1803 : Occupation of Delhi by Lord Lake.
1803-05 : Second Anglo-Maratha War.
1807-13 : Lord Minto as Governor-General.
1809 : Treaty of Amritsar-Ranjit Singh and British sign treaty of perpetual amity.
1813-23 : Lord Hastings as Governor-General.
1814-16 : Anglo-Gurkha War.
1817-18 : Pindari War – Peshwa defeated at Kirkee.
1818-19 : Last Anglo-Maratha War.
1823-28 : Lord Amherst Governor-General.
1824-26 : First Burmese War.
1828-35 : Lord William Bentinck as Governor- General.
1829 : Prohibition of Sati.
1829-37 : Suppression of Thuggee.
1833 : Renewal of Company’s charter. Abolition of the Company’s trading rights.
1835-36 : Sir Charles Metcalf Governor-General.
1835 : Macaulay’s Education Resolution. English made official language instead of Persian.
1835 : Foundation of Calcutta Medical College.
1836-1842: Lord Auckland as Governor-General.
1839 : Death of Ranjit Singh.
1842-44 : Lord Ellenborough as Governor-General.
1844-48 : Lord Hardinge as Governor-General.
1845-46 : First Anglo-Sikh War. Treaty of Lahore.
1848-49 : Second Anglo-Sikh War. Defeat of Sikhs and annexation of the Punjab.
: Opening of a Hindu Girls’ School in Calcutta by Bethune.
1848-56 : Lord Dalhousie as Governor-General.
1852 : Second Anglo-Burmese War.
1853 : Railway opened from Bombay to Thana.
1853 : Railway opened from Bombay to Thana.
Telegraph line from Calcutta to Agra.
1854 : Charles Wood’s despatch on Education.
1855 : Santhal insurrection in Bihar.
1856 : Annexation of Awadh. Indian University
Act. Hindu Widow’s Remarriage Act.
1856-58 : Lord Canning – Governor-General.
1857-58 : Revolt of 1857. Revolt at Meerut begins on May 10, 1857.
1858 : British India placed under the direct government of the Crown. Queen Victoria’s Proclamation.
1858-62 : Lord Canning as Viceroy.
1861 : Indian Councils Act.
: Archaeological Survey of India set up.
: Indian Civil Service Act.
: Introduction of the Penal code.
1862-63 : Lord Elgin as Viceroy.
1864-69 : Sir John Lawrence Viceroy.
1865 : Telegraphic communication with Europe opened.
1869-72 : Lord Mayo as Viceroy.
1875 : Visit of the Prince of Wales.
: Arya Samaj founded by Swami Dayananda.
1877 : Lord Lytton held Durbar at Delhi where Queen Victoria was proclaimed Empress of India.
1878 : Vernacular Press Act.
1879 : Theosophical Society at Adayar, (was set up) Madras.
1880-84 : Lord Ripon as Viceroy.
1881 : Factory Act.
1883 : Indian National Conference held in Calcutta.
1883-84 : Ilbert Bill controversy.
1884-88 : Lord Dufferin Viceroy.
1885 : First session of the Indian National Congress held at Bombay.
1887 : Queen Victoria's Jubilee.
1888-93 : Lord Landsdowne Viceroy.
1892 : Indian Councils Act.
1894-99 : Lord Elgin II Viceroy.
1896 : Ramakrishna Mission founded.
1899-1905: Lord Curzon Viceroy.
1905 : Partition of Bengal.
1905-10 : Lord Minto II Viceroy.
1906 : Muslim League formed at Dacca.
1907 : Surat Congress, moderates-extremists clash.
1908 : Newspapers Act. Tilak convicted of sedition.
1909 : Morley-Minto Reforms.
: Indian Councils Act passed.
1910-16 : Lord Hardinge II Viceroy.
1911 : Delhi Durbar.
: Partition of Bengal annulled. Census of India.
: Transfer of Capital to Delhi announced
1914 : Gandhi arrives in India.
1916 : Lucknow Pact of Indian National Congress and All-India Muslim League.
: Foundation of Women’s University at Poona.
: The Home Rule League founded.
1916-21 : Lord Chelmsford as Viceroy.
1919 : Montague-Chelmsford Reforms.
: Rowlatt Act passed.
: Massacre at Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar (April 13).
1920 : Khilafat Movement and Non Co-operation Movement.
1921 : Moplah Rebellion and Wagon Tragedy.
1921-26 : Lord Reading Viceroy.
1921 : Harappa excavations begin.
1922 : Mohenjodaro excavations begin.
: Chauri Chaura incident.
1923 : Swarajists in Indian Councils.
1926-31 : Lord Irwin Viceroy.
1927 : Appointment of Simon Commission.
1928 : Simon Commission comes to India.
: Death of Lala Lajpat Rai following police assault. Nehru Report.
1929 : Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt drops bombs in the Legislative Assembly.
: Congress on December 31 at Lahore declaring its objective of Poorna Swaraj for India.
1930 : Gandhiji’s Dandi March. Civil Disobedience Movement.
1930-31 : First Round Table Conference.
1931 : Gandhi-Irwin Pact signed.
: Second Round Table Conference.
1931-36 : Lord Wellingdon Viceroy.
1932 : Third Round Table Conference.
: Communal Award announced.
: Poona Pact signed.
1934 : Civil Disobedience Movement called off.
1935 : Government of India Act, 1935 passed by British Parliament.
1936-44 : Lord Linlithgow Viceroy.
1937 : Inauguration of Provincial Autonomy.
Congress Ministries formed in seven out of eleven provinces.
1938 : Haripura session of the Congress.
1939 : Second World War begins (September).
1940 : Pakistan resolution passed by Muslim League at Lahore.
1941 : Subhash Chandra Bose escapes from India.
1942 : Cripps comes to India with his proposals in March.
: Congress rejects Cripps Proposal (11 April).
: “Quit India” resolution passed by Congress on August 8.
1944-47 : Lord Wavell Viceroy.
1944 : INA reaches Indian soil.
1945 : Labour Government in Britain. INA surrenders to the British (May). First trial
of INA men (November 5).
1946 : Cabinet Mission’s plans announced (June 16).
1947-48 : Lord Mountbatten Viceroy.
1947 : Announcement of Lord Mountbatten’s plan for Partition of India (June 3).
: Indian Independence Act passed (July).
: Creation of free India and Pakistan on midnight of August 14/15, 1947 as dominions.
1947-64 : Jawaharlal Nehru Prime Minister of India.
1948 : Assassination of Mahatma Gandhi (January 30).
: Raja-gopalachari appointed first Indian Governor-General (June 21).
1949 : New Constitution of India adopted and signed (November 26).
1950 : India become a Republic. New Constitution comes into force (January 26).
: Dr. Rajendra Prasad, first President of Indian Republic.
: Planning Commission was set up
1951 : Inauguration of First Five Year Plan.
1952 : First General Election in India 
: National Development Council (NDC) set up.

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