1. On this day in 1510 – The Portuguese naval forces under the command of Afonso de Albuquerque, and local mercenaries working for privateer Timoji, occupied Goa from the Bijapur Sultanate resulting in 451 years of Portuguese colonial rule.
2. On this day in 1799 – The metric system was adopted in France. Thus, France became the first country to do so.
3. On this day in 1901 - The first Nobel Prizes were awarded.
4. On this day in 1948 - The United Nations General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Every year this day is celebrated as the International Human Rights Day across the world.
5. On this day in 1968 - Japan's biggest heist occurred, it is the still-unsolved "300 million yen robbery".
6. On this day in 1976 – The United Nations General Assembly adopted the Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques.
7. On this day in 1998 - Indian Professor Amartya Sen was awarded the Nobel Prize in Economics for his contributions to welfare economics. Welfare Economics is a branch of economics that uses microeconomic techniques to evaluate well-being (welfare) at the aggregate (economy-wide) level.
8. On this day in 2013 – Uruguay became the first country to legalize the growth, sale, and use of marijuana. Marijuana is a preparation of the cannabis plant intended for use as a psychoactive drug and as medicine.